China’s economy grew by 4.9 per cent in the third quarter compared with a year earlier, accelerating from growth of 3.2 per cent growth in the second quarter, the National Bureau of Statistics announced on Monday. The world’s second-largest economy has recovered strongly after shrinking by 6.8 per cent in the first three months of the year due to the lockdown efforts aimed at stemming the tide of the coronavirus pandemic. Third quarter gross domestic product (GDP) growth was below the 5.5 per cent gain projected in a survey of analysts by Bloomberg.
“Year-on-year growth was up from 3.2 per cent in quarter two, showing that the economic recovery from Covid-19 continues, led by strength in industry driven by robust investment and exports. But GDP growth was lower than our forecast of 5.3 per cent year on year, reflecting slowing infrastructure investment growth and lingering softness in corporate investment and consumption,” said Louis Kuijs, head of Asia economics at Oxford Economics.
In other figures released by the NBS on Monday, industrial production, a gauge of activity in the manufacturing, mining and utilities sectors, grew by 6.9 per cent in September from a year earlier after a 5.6 per cent rise in August. This was above the median forecast of the Bloomberg survey of a 5.8 per cent rise. Retail sales, a key measurement of consumer spending in the world’s most populous nation, grew by 3.3 per cent, improving further from the 0.5 per cent increase in August, and above the projection of a 1.7 per cent rise estimated in the Bloomberg survey. August’s growth in retail sales was the first expansion this year, as consumer spending recovered more slowly than other areas of the economy. Now it seems to have momentum, with imports also rising 13.2 per cent in September from a year earlier, China’s customs agency announced last week, sending monthly inbound shipments to an all-time high of US$203 billion.
At the National People’s Congress in May, Premier Li Keqiang confirmed that China would not set an economic growth target in 2020. Last year, China’s economy grew by 6.1 per cent from a year earlier, the lowest growth rate since political turmoil ravaged the country in 1990.
Last week, the International Monetary Fund (IMF) said China’s economy would grow by 1.9 per cent this year, an upgrade of 0.9 percentage points from June’s forecast, making it the only G20 economy projected to expand this year. The IMF’s World Economic Outlook estimated that the global economy will contract by 4.4 per cent this year – a less severe contraction than the 4.9 per cent downturn it had forecast in June, while growth in 2021 is projected to rebound to 5.2 per cent, or 0.2 percentage points lower than June’s estimate.
On Sunday, central bank governor Yi Gang said China’s economy will expand by around 2 per cent this year. “I think the accumulative growth for the first three quarters of this year will be positive … For the whole year, we predict China GDP growth of around 2 per cent,” Yi said. “The Chinese economy remains resilient with great potential. Continued recovery is anticipated, which will benefit the global recovery.”